Календарыюм

 kalЧэрвень – гадоў таму

640 – у 1376 г. войскі Вялікага Княства Літоўскага на чале з князямі Кейстутам, Ягайлам, Любартам зваявалі Любліншчыну і Сандамершчыну і падышлі аж пад Кракаў. Вярнуліся зь вялікай здабычай дамоў.

405 – пачатак пабудовы ў Менску ў 1611 г. Петрапаўлаўскай царквы, выдатнага помніка архітэктуры барока. Пабудова была завершана ў 1613 годзе.

400 – пачатак дзейнасьці ў 1616 г. у Магілёве праваслаўнай брацкай друкарні, якая дзейнічала да 1773 г.

185 – 15.06.1831 г. у Селішчы Наваградзкага павету нар. Вінцэсь Каратынскі (пам. 7.02.1891 г. у Варшаве), паэт, перакладчык, журналіст. Пісаў у асноўным творы на польскай мове на беларускія тэмы, таксама зьяўляецца аўтарам беларускамоўных вершаў.

175 – 6.06.1841 г. у Мількаўшчыне на Гарадзеншчыне нарадзілася Эліза Ажэшка (у дзявоцтве Паўлоўская), вядомая польская пісьменьніца. Памерла 18.05.1910 г. у Гродне.

150 – 30.06.1866 г. памёр Антон Глінскі (нар. у 1817 г. у Шчорсах на Наваградчыне), пісьменьнік, журналіст. Зьбіраў ды апрацоўваў беларускія народныя казкі, паданьні. У 1851 г. выдаў збор беларускіх казак, перакладзеных на польскую мову „Bajarz polski”.

120 – 22.06.1896 г. у фальварку Пестуны Новапагоскай воласьці нар. Браніслаў Туронак (пам. 19.09.1938 г. у Дукштах), беларускі нацыянальны дзеяч.

120 – 2.06.1896 г. у Гайніне Слуцкага павету нар. Пётр Татарыновіч, беларускі каталіцкі сьвятар, нацыянальны дзеяч, між іншым пераклаў на беларускую мову „Quo vadis” Генрыка Сянкевіча. Памёр у Рыме 3.09.1978 г.

120 – у чэрвені 1896 г. у вёсцы Залесьсе на Сакольшчыне нарадзіўся беларускі нацыянальны дзеяч Уладыслаў Казлоўскі (Казлоўшчык). Вучыўся ў Саколцы і Гародні, у 1916 г. паступіў у духоўную сэмінарыю ў Вільні, якую пакінуў уступаючы ў актыўную беларускую нацыянальную дзейнасьць – арганізаваў беларускія школы на Сакольшчыне, на Ігуменшчыне. З 1921 г. быў у польскім войску (у Быдгашчы), даслужыўся да рангу паручніка, у 1930 г. звольніўся з войска і пераехаў у Вільню, дзе арганізаваў гімнастычнае таварыства «Гайсак», дзейнічаў у Беларускім Нацыянальным Камітэце. У 1933 г. быў адным з заснавальнікаў арганізацыі беларускіх нацыянал-сацыялістаў, выдаваў і рэдагаваў газэту «Новы шлях». Падчас ІІ сусьветнай вайны быў рэдкатарам «Беларускай газэты» ў Менску. 13.11.1943 г. быў застрэлены ў рэдакцыі, пахаваны на Кальварыйскіх могілках у Менску. Напісаў кнігі: „Fizyčnaje wychawańnie hramadzianstwa” (Wilnia 1927), „Ab fizycznym wychawańni ŭ Biełarusaŭ (Wilnia 1928), „Płač biełaruskaj staronki Matki pa dzietkach swаich renehatach” (Wilnia 1932), „Puty kachańnia” (Wilnia 1932), “Шляхам змаганьня” (Вільня 1935), „Kaziuk na kirmašy” (Vilnius 1940), публікаваў вершы і артыкулы ў віленскай беларускай прэсе міжваеннага і ваеннага часу; у 1930 г. выдаў у Вільні „Biełaruskija narodnyja pieśni z Sakolskaha pawietu”.

120 – 20.06.1896 г. у в. Пасынкі каля Бельска нар. Яраслаў Кастыцэвіч, настаўнік, беларускі асьветны дзеяч. Памёр у Бельску 1.04.1971 г.

105 – 30.06.1911 г. у Шатэйнях над Невяжай нар. Чэслаў Мілаш, польскі паэт і эсэіст. Студыяваў права ў Віленскім унівэрсытэце. Працаваў на Польскім радыё ў Вільні. У 1937 пераехаў у Варшаву, дзе працаваў на радыё. Пасля вайны быў аташэ па культуры ў польскім пасольстве ў Парыжы. У 1951 адмовіўся вярнуцца ў Польшчу і праз некалькі гадоў выехаў у ЗША. Супрацоўнічаў з парыскай “Культурай”.  Доктар honoris causa Мічыганскага ўніверсітэта. Прафесар Каліфарнійскага ўніверсітэта. Супрацоўнічаў з месячнікам «Czasopis» (Беласток). Як паэт дэбютаваў у 1935 г. Аўтар зборнікаў вершаў і кнігаў прозы і эсэістыкі, м.інш. „Dolina Issy”, „Zniewolony umysł”, „Rodzinna Europa”, „Szukanie ojczyzny”, „Wyprawa w dwudziestolecie”, „Piesiek przydrożny”, „O podróżach w czasie”. У 1980 г. атрымаў Нобелеўскую прэмію па літаратуры (1980). Ганаровы грамадзянін Кракава і Сопата. Памёр 14 жніўня 2004 г. у Кракаве.

90 – 19.06.1926 г. быў надрукаваны ў Вільні першы нумар газэты „Народная Справа”, зьвязанай зь Беларускай Сялянска-Работніцкай Грамадой (паявілася 38 нумароў). Газэта друкавала многа карэспандэнцый зь Беласточчыны, між іншым зь Белавежы, Гарадка, Крынак, Залук, Супрасьля, Грабянёў, Шудзялава, Семяноўкі.

85 – 16.06.1931 г. у Вільні застрэліўся кс. Францішак Рамэйка (нар. 11.07.1885 г. у Нецках Сьвянцянскага пав.), прыхільнік і прапагандыст беларусізацыі каталіцкага касьцёла, прасьледаваны польскімі ўладамі. Пахаваны на Бернардынскіх могілках у Вільні.

80 – у 1936 г. у Вільні быў надрукаваны апошні, сёмы  нумар беларускага сацыялістычнага часопіса „Золак” (друкаваўся з 1933 г.). Ягонымі рэдактарамі ды выдаўцамі былі: Яўген Аніська (выпускнік Віленскага ўнівэрсытэту) – пасьля вайны быў настаўнікам беларускай мовы ў пачатковай школе ў Ягуштове каля Бельска ды Мікалай Чарнецкі народжаны ў вёсцы Малыя Азяраны каля Крынак – выпускнік Унівэрсытэту ў Празе.

75 – 20-21.06.1941 г. – апошнія арышты савецкімі ўладамі на беларускіх землях, м.інш. у Брэсьце арыштавалі Луку Дзекуця-Малея. Расстрэлы над Улай і каля Ігуменя.

75 – 22.06.1941 г. – пачатак нямецка-савецкай вайны.

70 – 23.06.1946 заснаваньне ў Рэгенсбургу (Нямеччына) Крывіцкага Навуковага Таварыства імя Пранцішка Скарыны, якога старшынёй стаў др. Янка Станкевіч. Таварыства між іншым публікавала навуковы часопіс „Веда”.

65 – у чэрвені 1951 г. у Саўт-Рывэры (ЗША) выйшаў першы нумар царкоўна-грамадзкага часопісу, органу Беларускага Праваслаўнага Камітэту „Царкоўны сьветач”.

60 – 8.06.1956 г. у Лодзі памёр Язэп Фарботка (нар. 23.08.1893 г. у Налібоках), беларускі паэт нашаніўскай пары, фатаграфік.

55 – 18.06.1961 г. у Беластоку памёр Ян Тарасевіч – піяніст, кампазытар, пэдагог, настаўнік м.інш. Эжы Максымюка. Нарадзіўся 23.09.1883 г. у Саколцы, дзе і пахаваны на праваслаўных могілках. Кнігу яму прысьвяціла журналістка «Нівы» Ганна Кандраюк – „W stronę Tarasiewicza”.

40 – 7.06.1976 г. у Менску памёр Міхась Машара, беларускі паэт (нар. 5(18).11.1902 г. на хутары Падсосна Дзісенскага пав.). Дэбютаваў у 1927 г. у Вільні на старонках дзіцячага часопіса «Заранка» .

30 – 4.06.1986 г. у Маскве памерла Канстанцыя Буйла (Калечыц), беларуская «нашаніўская» паэтка. Нарадзілася ў Вільні 2(14).01.1893 г. Аўтарка гімну «Люблю наш край».

Апрацавалі Лена Глагоўская
і Вячаслаў Харужы

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