Jan Maksimiuk. Jašče pazmahajemsia za čytača?

strony-od-23871-1Sfera biełaruskaha pisanaha słova na Padlaššy zhortvajecca i tracić značeńnie. Z hodu ŭ hod mienšaje kolkaść istotnych biełaruskich tekstaŭ i kolkaść aŭtaraŭ, piśmiennych u biełaruskaj movie. I mienšaje kolkaść čytačoŭ.

Heta, peŭna, niepaźbiežny praces u sytuacyi moŭnaj mienšaści, nia tolki našaj, ale i ŭsialakaj inšaj, nia tolki ŭ Polščy, ale i ŭ inšych krainach. Ale ŭ nas hety praces šparka nabližajecca da krytyčnaj adznaki, za jakoj biełaruskaja litaraturnaja mova moža pierastać odyhryvać jakuju-kolečy karysnuju rolu, jak kulturatvornuju, tak i kamunikatyŭnuju.

Kali vianie piśmovaja mova, čeźnie i vusnaja. Bo zarukaj i šturškom raźvićcia luboj movy jość pierš za ŭsio pisany tekst, jaki čytajuć. Kali niama dobrych tekstaŭ dla čytańnia, niama dobrych tekstaŭ i dla słuchańnia. Inakš kažučy, ni radyjo, ni televizar nie ŭratujuć nam litaraturnuju biełaruskuju movu, kali skončycca drukavanaje słova.

U nas pryčyny kryzysu hramatnaści jašče bolš składanyja: hramadztva pierastaje čytać pa-biełarusku nia tolki tamu, što mienšaje kolkaść cikavych tekstaŭ pa-biełarusku, ale i tamu, što ludzi ŭžo nia mohuć asilić kiryličnuju azbuku.

Kažuć, u škołach padlaskaha vajavodztva ŭsio jašče try tysiačy školnikaŭ vyvučajuć biełaruskuju movu ŭ kiryličnaj hraficy. Ale vyniki hetaha vyvučańnia nijak ne prajaŭlajucca pa-za ścienami škoły. Pakažycie mnie choć adnu internetnuju staronku, dzie navučency padlaskich škołaŭ užyvajuć biełaruskuju movy ŭ kiryličnaj azbucy. Niama takoha sajtu. Nie vidać takich hramatnych biełarusaŭ u nas, akramia žmieńki žurnalistaŭ.

U hetym sensie, usia praca nastaŭnikaŭ biełaruskaj movy na Padlaššy prapadaje marna. Što z taho, što niechta maje atestat stałaści z dobraj adznakaj ź biełaruskaj movy, kali jon/jana nia moža karystacca piśmovaj movaj u žyćci, jakoje dla maładych pakaleńniaŭ ciapier pieraniesłasia jakraz u internet?

Niechta zapiarečyć: ty havoryš pra pisańnie, a čytańnie – heta ž inšaja reč. Ludzi ŭ nas, možna pahadzicca, naohuł užo nia ŭmiejuć pisać pa-biełarusku, ale čytać jašče čytajuć, jak „Nivu”, tak i „Czasopis”…

Dazvolcie mnie zasumniavacca. Kali b ludzi čytali, my mieli b dokazy hetaha ŭ vyhladzie niejkich kamentaroŭ abo publičnaha abmierkavańnia taho, što napisałasia pa-biełarusku. Adnak takich dokazaŭ niama. Publičnaja reakcyja na pisanaje biełaruskaje słova pačała prapadać užo daŭno, jašče kali pracavaŭ žurnalistam u „Nivie” ja – a było heta čverć stahodździa tamu. Z taho času sytuacyja tolki horšała, to bok vakoł biełaruskaha drukavanaha słova ŭźnikała štoraz ščylniejšaja ściana maŭčańnia.

U mianie niama cudoŭnaj parady, što zrabić, kab sytuacyju ź biełaruskaj movaj na Padlaššy źmianić u lepšy bok. Nia vyklučana, što ŭ lepšy bok źmianić jaje ŭžo niemahčyma. Ale ŭ mianie jość padkazka kaleham z „Czasopisa”, što zrabić, kab pasprabavać choć trochi skryšyć ścianu čytackaj abyjakavaści da biełaruskaha słova.

Možna mienavita pasprabavać skryšyć hetuju ścianu praź pieravod bolšaj častki abo j naohuł usich biełaruskamoŭnych tekstaŭ u „Czasopisie” na łaciński alfabet, jakim svabodna i amal vyklučna karystajucca štodnia ŭsie padlaskija biełarusy. Biełaruskaja łacinka – daŭno razpracavanaja pravapisnaja systema, i nie spatrebiacca nijakija kursy, kab ažyćciavić taki pierachod. Heta imhniennaja sprava.

Harantyi, što źmiena azbuki źnimie prablemu ciažkaściaŭ u čytańni biełaruskich tekstaŭ na Padlaššy, ja nie daju. Ale niešta treba rabić. Bo zastavacca pry tym, što było 25 hadoŭ tamu – heta horš čym iści ŭ tupik. A vydavać „Czasopis” vyklučna pa-polsku – biessensoŭna.

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